Happy Birthday, Seabees!
To continue celebrating the Seabee’s 73rd Birthday this week, it seems only logical to explore the history behind the Naval Mobile Construction Battalion’s most famous and recognizable insignia, The Fighting Seabee. You will see it everywhere from the official work uniform, stamped onto the side of military vehicles and construction equipment, to memorabilia; t-shirts, souvenirs, and we cannot forget the female bee, Phoebe. The Seabee may be the official insignia for the construction battalion, but it is also the symbol of pride and honor to all men who serve.
The Seabee insignia was created by Frank J. Iafrate in 1942, who at the time was a file clerk at the Naval Air Station in Quonset Point, RI. He had gained the reputation of drawing sketches and caricatures of the men who came into his office for reference material. One day a Navy Lieutenant came in and explained to Frank he was to lead a newly established group of recruits who were not only trained in construction work by civilians, but would also be receiving military training; they would be supporting the Marines. This special group was referred to as the “Construction Battalion.” These new units replaced civilian workers the Navy had recently lost on Guam and Wake Island. These men would be an offensive group but could defend themselves if necessary.
Known for his cartooning, the lieutenant asked Frank if he could produce a “Disney-type” insignia which would identify and represent this new battalion. Excited by the challenge, Frank put his mind to work immediately.
His first idea was originally a beaver, the builder. But after some research, it was found that while beavers are good workers, they do not have the courage to stand up to a fight. So the beaver idea was abandoned.
His next idea was of the “busy bee;” the hard worker who won’t bother you, unless you bother him. At which time he is capable of stinging you to protect himself and his property. This fit perfectly with the construction battalion.
Once the idea was established, creating the bee was the easy part. He animated the bee with a white navy hat making him strictly “Navy,” gave him a determined look on his face, tools in his “hands” to show his construction abilities, and a tommy gun to show his military prowess. The bee was made a third class petty officer with the appropriate rating badge on each arm, such as machinist’s mate, a carpenter’s mate, and a gunner’s mate. The C.E.C. insignia was originally added to each wrist, to show that he was a part of the Navy Civil Engineer Corps. As the final touch, he enclosed the bee with a large “Q” for Quonset. (This design was later changed to a hawser rope, for national recognition.)
Now what would his new creation and this group be called? Believing the “Men of the Construction Battalion” was a little inelegant; he already had the “bee” and the men who worked at sea. Ergo a phonetic depicting the initials “C” and “B” became “Seabees.” It was short, and easy to remember. The Fighting Seabee had been born.
After Frank showed it to the lieutenant, then the officer in charge of construction, the new insignia was sent to Washington, D.C. to be shown to Rear Adm. Ben Moreell (CEC) who was chief of yards and docks, and the creator of the construction battalion. Moreell was impressed; believing the insignia and the designation of the “Seabees” would add much to the esprit de corps of the construction battalion. The Seabee had incredible recruiting appeal and was used for the nationwide campaign. Eventually the insignia became the official symbol for all the battalions.
Just as it was important in the establishment of the construction battalion, the Fighting Seabee is still as notable today as the day it was created. The official insignia has remained in use and unchanged since its inception in 1942. Although Seabees themselves love this “Fighting Bee” so much, many battalions have created their own modified version of the bee to represent their deployments. Every generation of CB’s have worn the Seabee on their uniform with pride.
Along with their motto, “We Build, We Fight,” the symbol of the Fighting Seabee encompasses the essence of what it means to serve ones country and be humanitarians around the world for the greater good.
A collection of the various Seabee mascots and logos can be found in our World War II exhibit that presents the Seabee training experience. Stop by the museum to check it out.
Meet the Curator: Robyn King
Robyn King earned her Bachelors in History and Anthropology from the State University of New York at Oneonta. She has experience working at State Museums, Historic Sites, the National Parks Service, and most recently the Navy. She’s an expert in collection management, and has worked closely with both natural and cultural collections. Robyn loves all museums and sharing her love of history. When’s she not working, she’s volunteering her time with the National Peace Corps Association, as a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer from West Africa.